In our day-to-day activities, there seems to be a lot of waste production. It is important to know that this cannot be avoided. However, a major solution to this is the conversion of biodegradable organic materials into compost. And one of the types of composting methods is commercial composting.
Research has proven that 55% of municipal solid waste is from organic materials. However, many people keep their organic waste out of the bin by composting at home.
What Is Commercial Composting?
To understand what this means, there is a need to first understand what composting is. Composting is the common decay process of organic materials which is enhanced by a controlled situation to treat the soil. While commercial composting is the system that deals with more organic materials than what homes can give out.
It deals with public wastes and wastes from individuals that are not ready to compost. This is a very effective way of composting because they have the devices and skills it takes to go through this.
How Is Commercial Composting Done?
Having in mind that this is a large-scale method, bigger tools and more complex processes will have to be adopted. A standard commercial composting operation gathers waste from restaurants and stores which handle food. They also gather yard wastes from companies that deal with nurseries.
This act of collecting waste and garbage is done by using a fleet of trucks to gather and deliver wastes into a primary building for composting. Since this act requires a lot of space, the anaerobic method is what is usually used to accomplish this composting.
A standard commercial composting facility must never be caught emitting odors. Hence, it must be well managed, no matter the method being used.
Commercial Composting Methods
There are three major methods that can be employed for commercial composting. The method used is based on the financial status of the company and the expertise level of its workers.
This method involves the piling of wastes in long rows known as “Windrows.” These windrows must be aerated occasionally by turning the piles. The standard measurement for it is between 4 by 14 feet and 8 by 16 feet max.
This method uses a drum or a drum-like trench. Where the organic wastes are stored. This must be in a state where the environmental conditions can be technically controlled and the wastes can be frequently turned.
Aerated Static Pile
This is a method where a large pile of waste. It is mixed with papers and wood chips, so as to allow air to pass through the pile. A number of pipes are also passed under it to allow airflow in and out of the pile.
A normal commercial composting normally takes only a few weeks. But when it is larger than usual. It takes months before it can be ready to be sold to the public.
Note that it is often sold to fund the program itself. However, it comes in very handy for landscaping.