Environmental and Occupational Safety and Health is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the prevention of injuries, diseases, and death from exposure to hazardous materials in the workplace and the environment.
There are many different types of hazards that can be found in the workplace and the environment, and it is important for workers and employers to be aware of these dangers. OSHA’s role is to help ensure that workers and employers are aware of these hazards and know how to protect themselves from them.
Here are some of the basic things about Environmental and Occupational Safety and Health you must know about:
Field of study
The study of how to keep people safe at work is called occupational safety and health (OSH). It’s an important part of public health because when we’re not healthy, it’s hard for us to accomplish anything else in life. OSH examines what happens when accidents happen on the job as well as ways that can reduce injuries or illnesses from being exposed to hazardous materials like chemicals without harming yourself too much along with other hazards present inside your average workplace which might cause more damage than good if they were left unchecked by proper precautions.
There are a lot of important terms used in the field of OSH. Here are some of the most important ones:
Hazard is something that could cause harm. This includes things like chemicals, tools with sharp edges or points which might puncture your skin if you touch them wrong; fire detectors as well as sprinklers set off by candle wax dripping onto hot surfaces (which will probably burn down everything around it). There are many types of hazards out there but they all have one thing in common: their potential for serious injury.
Environmental and Occupational Safety and Health is the study of how to keep people safe from exposure to hazardous materials. This means that if you work with or are around hazardous materials, it’s important to know about the ways you can protect yourself.
Risk is the chance that something bad will happen. For example, if you work with chemicals, there is a risk that you could be exposed to them and get sick. The larger the exposure, the greater the risk.
Safety is the state of being free from danger or harm. It’s important to create a safe work environment so that workers can do their jobs without being exposed to hazards.
Health is a state of being well. When we’re healthy, our bodies are able to fight off diseases and heal from injuries.
Sources of hazards
There are many sources of hazards in the workplace and the environment. Some of the most common ones include:
Chemicals are found in many different products and can be dangerous if they are not used properly.
Tools can be dangerous if they are not used properly.
Equipment can be dangerous if it is not used properly.
Machinery can be dangerous if it is not used properly.
Vehicles can be dangerous if they are not used properly.
Ways to protect yourself
There are many ways to protect yourself from exposure to hazards. Some of the most common ones include:
– Wearing personal protective equipment (PPE):
Personal protective equipment is clothing or devices that workers can wear to protect themselves from hazards.
-Using engineering controls:
Engineering controls are devices or systems that control or remove hazards at the source.
– Using administrative controls:
Administrative controls are policies and procedures that limit worker exposure to hazards.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is a federal agency that regulates workplace safety. OSHA’s goal is to make sure that workers are safe and healthy on the job. OSHA has developed a set of regulations that employers must follow to ensure a safe workplace.
State plans are programs that have been approved by OSHA to provide occupational safety and health coverage for public and private sector workers in a state. State plans are required to meet or exceed the standards set by federal OSHA.
Reporting an injury or illness
If you’re injured on the job, it’s important to report the injury to your employer as soon as possible. Your employer should then report the injury to OSHA. You can also file a complaint with OSHA if you believe your workplace is unsafe.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act protects workers who report unsafe or unhealthy conditions at their workplace. Workers who report these conditions are known as whistleblowers. Whistleblowers are protected from retaliation by their employers.
There are many resources available to help you stay safe and healthy on the job. Some of the most common ones include:
– OSHA’s website:
OSHA’s website provides information on workplace safety and health, including hazard recognition, prevention, and control.
– State plans:
Each state has its own occupational safety and health program. You can find contact information for your state’s program on OSHA’s website.
– The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH):
NIOSH is a federal agency that conducts research on occupational safety and health. NIOSH also provides training and education on these topics.
– The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
The CDC is a federal agency that works to prevent and control disease, injury, and disability. The CDC’s website provides information on many different occupational safety and health topics.
Environmental and Occupational Safety and Health is a complex topic with many different facets. By understanding the basics of EOSH, you can help keep yourself and your workplace safe and healthy.