What is Commercial Composting? In its simplest form, commercial composting functions the same as the natural compost piles you used. It is an industrial version that is usually more durable and sturdier. Commercial composting involves compost piles or bins that are specially designed for a specific business enterprise. These compost piles or bins are used to break down organic material that is collected on a daily basis from households and businesses. They contain both food scraps and yard waste materials, allowing your compost management firm to create a biodegradable product that can be utilized for a variety of different purposes.
The right commercial composting service will have a variety of compostable products they can offer you, based on your particular needs. In a standard case, these compostable products would include: vegetable and fruit peelings; coffee grounds; bakery and food preparation wastes; pet waste and other similar waste materials; and more. In industrial facilities, these compostable material sources would include: pharmaceutical waste and other pharmaceutical products; chemical waste like medications and other chemical products; and more. Other compostable sources may be provided by your service as well. You’ll need to find out what is available and what types of compostable material are generally found in most commercial composting services.
Two main commercial composting methods are warm and slow composting methods. Each of these two methods can be quite useful depending on what the end product will be used for. A commercial composting facility will use a warmer method when creating a green, soft crumbly texture on the finished compost product, and a slow composting method when creating a black, crumbly soil composed of the organic waste material. There are pros and cons to both commercial composting methods.
Greenhouse Composting Methods
Greenhouse composting methods result in the fastest turnaround times and most greenhouse waste material is ready to go after being turned into a high quality, natural fertilizer. Some commercial and municipal solid waste options do not qualify as greenhouse materials. These options include: motor oil, petroleum jelly, and diesel. Warm composting methods result in faster turnaround times and more complete digestion of the organic waste products. This method can also result in a faster rate of bacterial growth, meaning there will be a faster rate of decomposition of the resulting organic waste materials.
Hot composting is great for producing long-term soil fertility. This is why it is commonly used for cropping programs. The method of heating food waste resulting from food processing results in a slower rate of heating and cooling of the compost piles. This allows the food waste to break down at a higher rate and quicker than with traditional aerobic composting.
Hot air aeration systems, which are used in commercial composting facilities, have been known to increase the rate of aerobic composting. While the organic waste that reaches a commercial compost pile may contain decaying matter, aeration provides a good aerating environment. This process of adding oxygen to the pile speeds up the rate of decomposition and accelerates the composting process.
An in-vessel compost pile is another method often used at commercial compost piles. This type of composting system includes a sealed in aeration chamber. The in-vessel system does require an investment in energy and time, but it also has a higher rate of energy recovery. This means more energy generated onsite to provide the nutrients back to the soil.
Another method used in backyard compost piles is the mechanical decomposition of organic material. It is a method of organic waste decomposition that is often used on a large scale in backyard compost piles. This is also a method that is very appealing to many people who are looking for a way to make their homes green without having to go through the trouble and expense of making a larger commercial compost pile or developing land for a backyard garden. Mechanical composting gives you the ability to have your garden and home compost heap up and running quickly, while being kinder to the environment.